The Egyptians there would be an independent country called Sudan. And briefly in the mid-nineteenth century, Egypt and Sudan today was indeed a less ambitious than the wild and romantic Albanian Khedive Ismail the Magnificent. But in Victorian England, the world leader in the nineteenth century and the country in which the failure financially and politically exhausted Egypt was succumbing to the late nineteenth century, stubbornly insisted on the distinction.
Northern Sudan and Egypt shared a common past for the stretched length, before the rise of Islam. But while Arab rules have succeeded in many of Egypt was somehow able to walk to the south and conquered Nubia, since the area was then known.And what is now a large part of northern Sudan and southern Egypt has indeed become independent for 700 years until the dawn years, when the Egyptians, nominally under the Ottomans, but virtually sovereign Railroad started south.
Second Sudan’s Civil War was to last much longer than the first twenty-one years this time. The consequences were literally cataclysmic. Although the population of southern never reached more than 10 million marks, about 2.5 million were to die and five million more were displaced by two decades of chaos. For every soldier who died in the conflict, more than 20 civilians were deliberately killed or caught in the crossfire. Each household in the South have been flooded in one form or another. The Us government has classified as genocide.
When a second peace agreement signed in 2005, independence south sooner or later it was given. Nothing else could come to be widely accepted wounded south. To their credit, and the great relief of the international community, even the northerners were able to recognize that too. And the big day has finally arrived. Southern Sudan will join the international community on Saturday, July 11, 2011. But while the outcome of the war are welcomed throughout Africa, but there will be some celebrations manifest.
Many African governments fear the specter of renewed separatist aspirations across the continent. With the independence of Southern Sudan, the foundation of post-independence African consensus, the inviolability of colonial borders, has been broken. Everything for the determinant of the colonial boundaries are possible. In this sense, a new era began in Africa.
Even after the meeting of the Southern Sudan, no country will be more circumspect about the impact of northern Sudan. Separatist sentiment in Darfur, where a fierce insurgency has killed half a million people and displaced millions more probably will reinforced.Neither the Khartoum government or the international community will be able to avoid calls to a referendum like the one held in southern Sudan. And it will be harder to ignore the Somaliland and Western Sahara.